By Rory O'Connor
NEW YORK, March 30, 2005 -- Why leave fake news and media scams to the White House, CBS News and the New York Times?
Instead I say -- with apologies to Scoop Nisker -- "If you don't like the news, make up some of your own!"
After all, it's surprisingly easy -- as George Bush, Dan Rather, Jayson
Blair and innumerable other politicos and journalists have already
As a result, activists of every stripe are increasingly scoring
political points with media pranks. From Michael Moore's
self-aggrandizing stunts to the more focused corporate spoofs of Yes Men Andy Bichlbaum and Mike Bonanno to the parodistic "non-traditional media transformations" of the Newsbreakers, more and more merry media pranksters are now fighting fake news fires with fire of their own.
A case in point: the brilliant trick the Yes Men played last December upon the 20th anniversary of the Bhopal chemical disaster in India. After they set up a bogus website,
purporting to represent Dow Chemical (Dow took over Union Carbide, the
plant's owners at the time of the catastrophe that killed 20,000), the
BBC logged on to request an interview. Bichlbaum and Bonanno accepted
the misguided invitation and, posing as Dow representatives, went on air
to announce that the company accepted full responsibility for the
disaster and would pay billions of dollars in compensation to the
victims. Naturally, their apology quickly made worldwide headlines --
thus forcing Dow to retract the phony "apology" and the Yes Men's
"offer" of bogus billions.
The anarchic daddy of all media hoaxers, however, is undeniably Joey
Skaggs, who first turned the public prank into a high art form. As his web site
proudly notes, Skaggs "has been called everything from the World's
Greatest Hoaxer to a royal pain in the ass." In the course of decades
of manipulating mainstream media makers -- mainly by using their own
hypocrisy, laziness, and stupidity against them -- Skaggs has been
"threatened, assaulted, summonsed, subpoenaed, arrested, deposed,
dismissed, trivialized, maligned, even thanked and praised." Along the
way, he's carved a unique niche as a "notorious socio-political
satirist, media activist, culture jammer, hoaxer and dedicated
proponent of independent thinking and media literacy."
"When I create a false reality, I always try to create a plausible
structure to help convince people," Skaggs once explained in an
interview with McSweeney's. "Most important to any fake story is a
plausible, realistic edge with a satirical twist that is topical. I
want people to be amused or amazed but fooled. I want them to say,
"Unbelievable!" but believe it. Satire and believability are
irresistible to the news media. Sensationalism gets them every time."
Skaggs calls his pranks "plausible but non-existent realities," and
says he was inspired "by the need to be cunning enough to fool
journalists, while leaving clues and challenging them to catch me. "
Sometimes it's simply a matter of being topical and outrageous. "Other
times you can use a calendar to predict the kinds of stories the media
is looking for," explains Skaggs. "Celebrations of anniversaries of
disasters, such as nuclear power plant meltdowns or political
assassinations, provide opportunities, as do holidays. And then there
are the ubiquitous animal or pet stories. There's one every day.
"If I'm successful in fooling a wire service, I don't really have to do
anything else to promote the story," he adds. "Because the media will
feed off of itself. They all assume the original author did his or her
Skaggs, who works for and often by himself, rarely profits from his stunts (although his "fish condos"--
designer apartments for guppies -- started as a joke and ended up
selling as gifts for yuppies). He's not looking for dollars -- just
change. "Revelation is the most important aspect of the process," as he
once told US News and World Report. "That's the point where consciousness can change."
A product of the anti-Establishment, Sixties-protest counter-culture,
Skaggs stages his Yippie-like stunts in that spirit. He considers
himself a performance artist, in the mode of the Surrealists and
Dadaists. As Mark Borkowski noted in a recent article
in The Independent, Skaggs' first effort was nearly forty years ago, in
1966, "when he carried a 10ft crucifix on an Easter parade in New York
to rail against the hypocrisy of the Church and man's inhumanity to
man. He later strung a 50ft bra across the steps of the US Treasury on
St. Valentine's Day to highlight the American male's obsession with
female breasts. His premise was simple: he set out to ridicule the
media fašade, and the fallibility of the public's blind acceptance of
the media, so he used the media as his medium."
A decade later, Skaggs placed a newspaper ad announcing the opening of a brothel for dogs
("A cat house for dogs featuring a savory selection of hot bitches"),
complete with a media "photo-opportunity." One company received an Emmy
nomination for its coverage of the event.
Another Skaggs piece involved the opening of a "Celebrity Sperm Bank", where Bob Dylan and The Beatles had allegedly left deposits. Then there was the made-up laboratory
where Dr. Josef Gregor (aka Skaggs) bred a strain of cockroaches that
produced hormones to cure illness and protect humans from radiation. In
the competitive frenzy to report the new miracle drug, no one in the
MSM noticed that the phony doctor's name evoked the main character in
Kafka's The Metamorphosis, who turned from a human into a
giant insect. And it's hard to forget the time Skaggs posed as the
president of a Korean group called Kea So Joo and sent letters to
shelters asking that unwanted dogs be sent to him to be used as food.
Without Skaggs, as Borkowski notes, "there would have been no Yes Men,
no Michael Moore, because Skaggs -- as little known as he is -- is the
originator. Unlike Moore, he is not driven by ego, because he is an
artist first and an activist second. Because he shies away from
publicity for himself, he remains unknown to the world at large, but
his name should be written in lights as an example to us all."
"The issues of my performances vary, but most of the questions buried
in the work remain the same," says Skaggs. "What do we believe? Why do
we believe it? My challenge as a satirical artist is how to present
ideas to people to enable them to question and reexamine their beliefs.
My hope is that my work provokes people to look at things in a new way.
"The media's job is to question a premise," he concludes, "But
information overload and the strain to get a story first get in the way
of getting it right."
What do you think? Post a comment.
-- Rory O'Connor's blog, "Media Is a Plural," can be found at www.roryoconnor.org.
More details about all of Skaggs' past work is available on joeyskaggs.com. And for all you Assignment Desk Editor's out there, here's his latest release:
NEW YORK CITY'S 20th ANNUAL APRIL FOOLS' DAY PARADE
Subject: 20th Annual April Fools' Day Parade
ATTENTION NEWS ASSIGNMENT EDITOR & CALENDAR DESK:
The New York April Fools' Committee is proud to announce:
NEW YORK CITY'S 20th ANNUAL APRIL FOOLS' DAY PARADE
The 20th Annual April Fools' Day Parade will march down Fifth Avenue,
from 59th Street to Washington Square Park, beginning at 12 noon,
Friday, April 1st, 2005. After two decades, New York's most irreverent
parade has finally been officially sanctioned by the City of New York.
Also a first, the parade will be broadcast live from 12 noon to 3 p.m.
on Time Warner Cable channel 25. The New York April Fools' Committee
thanks the Mayor, the city, all our sponsors and participants over the
years for their support.
The New York April Fools' Day Parade was created in 1986 to remedy a
glaring omission in the long list of New York's annual ethnic and
holiday parades. These events fail to recognize the importance of April
1st, the day designated to commemorate the perennial folly of mankind.
In an attempt to bridge that gap and bring people back in touch with
their inherent foolishness, the parade annually crowns a King of Fools
from the parading look-alikes. This year's parade, "Divided We Stand",
will memorialize the efforts made by people around the world to
maintain their power, whether political, religious or personal, at the
cost of the greater common good. The Parade Grand Marshall will be Ex
CBS Anchor, Dan Rather. The theme song "Praise the Lord and Pass the
Ammunition" will be sung by President George W. Bush. The public is
encouraged to participate, in or out of costume, with or without
floats, and may join the procession at any point along the parade
route. Large float entries must be at 59th Street and 5th Avenue no
later than 11:30 a.m.
This year's floats will include the Swift Boat Veterans for Truth
float, sinking in a sea of lies; the New York Governor George Pataki
float in a canoe up a canal without a paddle; the Mud Wrestling float,
with Michael Moore taking on all challengers; the Indiana Pacers and
Detroit Pistons "We'll Kick Your Butt" float (bystanders are invited to
throw beer); the NHL Ice Rink float featuring owners and players
kicking each others' butts; and the Airlines' Lost Luggage float. The
rear of the parade will be flanked by an empty flatbed truck
representing the "Where's God?" float.
Marching celebrity look-alike fools will include: Donald Trump handing
out pink slips while wearing one; Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger
shouting "girlie man!"; Ex New Jersey Governor James E. McGreevey
announcing "I am a gay American"; Sponge Bob screaming "I am not gay!";
Jimmy Swaggert looking to kills gays if they look at him romantically;
Bill O'Reilly looking for lust; Anna Nicole Smith looking for money;
Attorney General Alberto Gonzales looking for someone to torture; Bill
Burkett handing out forged documents to any reporter who will take
them; Jeff Gannon, White House pseudo-reporter, handing out fake IDs;
Zell Miller ranting "Dissent is treason!"; Howard Dean just ranting;
Olympic gold medalist Michael Phelps toasting the crowd again and
again; Prince Harry dressed as a Nazi looking for the Halloween Parade;
and Ann Coulter being Ann Coulter.
There will be a party with live music, entertainment and food
concessions at the end of the parade in Washington Square Park.
Revelers can visit the Ukrainian Home Cooking booth featuring the
famous Dioxin Borscht served by Ukraine's Ex Prime Minister Viktor
Yanukovych; a Social Security Casino concession; and a Steroid Sampling
booth manned by Baseball players JosÚ Conseco, Barry Bonds and Jason
Giambi. Mel Gibson will also be on hand to man his Crucifix Photo-Op
concession featuring a ten foot cross with a portrait portal. Secretary
of Defense Donald Rumsfeld will be collecting scrap metal donations for
his Soldiers Vehicle Rearmament Program. And, Harvard President
Lawrence Summers will oversee an innate intrinsic gender aptitude
research booth featuring Condoleeza Rice and Karl Rove naked as test
peek-a-boo science of sex comparison subjects. For $5.00, which will
help to support next year's parade, the public will be allowed to seek
essential differences by asking one question each. Also, Kofi Annan
will host a U.N. Food for Oil concession stand. Generous funding for
this parade is provided by Pfizer and Merck who will distribute free
Celebrex and Vioxx. The King or Queen of Fools will be chosen based on
the loudest cheers of the crowd at Washington Square Park. The winner
will reign through March 31, 2006.
For information contact: Joey Skaggs, Committee Chair, at 212-254-7878 135 Sullivan Street, Suite 24, New York, New York 10012
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